Contractor who lied to OSHA sentenced to community service, probation


Birmingham, AL An Alabama roofing contractor was sentenced to three years of supervised probation and 30 hours of community service for lying to OSHA about providing workers with fall protection equipment.
In early 2013, Marcus Borden was supervising a roofing project in Cordova, AL, when a severe thunderstorm moved into the area and injured three of his workers, according to an Aug. 24 OSHA press release.
Following the incident, Borden told an OSHA inspector he had provided personal fall arrest equipment and the employees were tied off prior to the storm. However, investigators later learned none of the workers was tied off, and that Borden acquired the fall protection equipment only after the injuries occurred, the press release states.

This past April, the Department of Justice charged Borden with lying to OSHA about the incident. Borden, a steel and roofing contractor based in Russellville, pleaded guilty on May 13 to one count of making false statements and was sentenced on Aug. 6.

In addition to the DOJ charge, OSHA previously cited Borden with a willful violation for failure to provide workers with fall protection, four serious violations for exposing workers to severe weather conditions and not securing metal decking, and an other-than-serious violation for failure to notify OSHA about workers being hospitalized. A settlement was approved last year in which Borden agreed to the violations and to pay a $55,000 penalty.

News update provided by the staff at Safety & Health Magazine

OSHA to host webinar on Hazard Communication Standard


Washington OSHA and the Society for Chemical Hazard Communication are sponsoring a free webinar to explain the inspection procedures for OSHA's recently updated Hazard Communication Standard.

The webinar is scheduled for 2 p.m. to 3:15 p.m. Eastern on Sept. 9. Speakers Lana Nieves and Sven Rundman from the agency's Directorate of Enforcement Programs will address a July 20 compliance directive, as well as the requirements for manufacturers and importers to revise Safety Data Sheets by June 1.

OSHA will review questions that are submitted before the event and limited to the following subjects:
Interpretation of the standard's compliance directive
Impact on the workplace

News update provided by the staff at Safety & Health Magazine.

'Healthy workplace' webinars scheduled


Lowell, MA Registration is open for two free webinars hosted by the Center for the Promotion of Health in the New England Workplace, one of four national "Centers for Excellence" in the NIOSH Total Worker Health program.

NIOSH's Total Worker Health initiative integrates various approaches to preventing worker injuries and illnesses while promoting health and wellness. "Making the Pitch: Introducing the CPH-NEW Healthy Workplace Participatory Program for Total Worker Health" is scheduled to take place from noon to 1 p.m. Eastern on Sept. 16. "Assessing Organizational Readiness: Is the Healthy Workplace Participatory Program Right for Your Organization?" is slated for 1 p.m. to 2 p.m. Eastern on Sept. 30.

The CPH-NEW Healthy Workplace Participatory Program is intended to assist employers in improving the health, safety and productivity of their workers through health and wellness programs.
The center is an initiative of the University of Massachusetts at Lowell and the University of Connecticut.

News update provided by the staff at Safety & Health Magazine.

Groups divided over hair sampling for truck driver drug tests


Washington The American Trucking Associations wants Congress to allow fleets to use hair samples to test truck drivers for illegal drugs.
However, a group of labor organizations has another message for Congress: Not so fast. The issue is in the spotlight as lawmakers consider proposed legislation that would expand drug testing for commercial truck drivers. The proposal would allow the Department of Transportation to recognize hair samples as an alternative testing method to urine samples, which detect drug use for only two to three days. Hair samples can detect drug use for up to 90 days.

"Hair testing is a validated, proven and effective method for detecting illegal drug use that has been widely embraced by private industry and many governments worldwide," ATA President and CEO Bill Graves wrote in an Aug. 24 letter to Congress.

Opponents say the measure would go too far. Seventeen groups, including the International Brotherhood of Teamsters and the Air Line Pilots Association, International, spoke out against the proposed changes.
"It is widely known that hair specimen can test positive for a drug that its donor was merely exposed to but never actually ingested," the groups wrote in an Aug. 20 letter to Congress.

News update provided by the staff at Safety & Health Magazine.

OSHA updates National Emphasis Program on amputations


Washington OSHA has updated its National Emphasis Program on amputations to reflect the latest enforcement and injury data, the agency announced on Aug. 13.

About 2,000 workers suffered an amputation on the job in 2013, with employees in the manufacturing industry experiencing an amputation rate more than twice that of all private industry, Bureau of Labor Statistics data shows. In effect since 2006, the NEP focuses inspections on worksites in industries with high numbers and rates of amputations.

The updated NEP, which went into effect June 30, will focus on worksites in 80 industries, including bakeries, forging and several types of manufacturing sectors such as home products, concrete products, and motor vehicle body. The inspections will focus on employee exposures to machinery or equipment that could cause amputations during operations such as jam clearing, cleaning and greasing.

"Workers injured from unguarded machinery and equipment can suffer permanent disability or lose their lives, OSHA administrator David Michaels said in a press release. "This directive will help ensure that employers identify and eliminate serious workplace hazards and provide safe workplaces for all workers.

As part of an effort to better understand where amputations are occurring, OSHA in January issued a new rule requiring employers to report to OSHA any on-the-job amputations within 24 hours.

NSC estimates show 'danger lies ahead' on U.S. roadways in 2015


Itasca, IL Nearly 19,000 people have died in traffic crashes across the United States from January to June, and 2.2 million were seriously injured putting the United States on pace for the deadliest driving year since 2007, National Safety Council estimates show.

The estimates represent a 14 percent increase in deaths and a 30 percent jump in serious injuries from the first six months of 2014. "The trend we are seeing on our roadways is like a flashing red light danger lies ahead, Deborah A.P. Hersman, president and CEO of NSC, said in a press release. "Be a defensive driver and make safe decisions behind the wheel. Your life really depends on it.

To help stay safe while driving, NSC recommends drivers:
Ensure every passenger buckles up.

Designate an alcohol- and drug-free driver or arrange alternate transportation.

Get plenty of sleep and take regular breaks to avoid fatigue.

Never use a cell phone handheld or hands-free behind the wheel.

Updated guide outlines OSHA training requirements


Washington All of OSHA's training requirements can be found in a newly updated guidance document. "Training Requirements in OSHA Standards" organizes the requirements into five categories:

General industry
Federal employee programs

The document outlines rules pertaining to emergency planning, confined spaces, welding, eye and face protection, and occupational safety and health committees.

"Training is an essential part of every employer's safety and health program for protecting workers from injuries and illnesses," the document states. "Training in the safe way for workers to do their jobs well is an investment that will pay back over and over again in fewer injuries and illnesses, better morale, lower insurance premiums and more."
The resource also recommends keeping a record of all safety and health training.

NSC releases prescription drug action kit


The National Safety Council recently released the NSC Prescription Drug Community Action Kit, which provides community leaders with strategies to engage the medical community. The kit contains:

Tips on how to partner with your medical community
Strategies to help reduce painkiller over-prescribing
Videos offering advice for responsible prescribing
Fact sheets and social media sharing resources
Advocate stories, videos, case studies, and other guides and reports
you can share and use with community leaders

To obtain your free NSC Prescription Drug Community Action Kit, visit

OSHA instructs inspectors on enforcing hazcom standard


Washington OSHA compliance officers have a new instruction document that outlines inspection procedures for the agency's updated Hazard Communication Standard.

The document details the revisions made to the standard, including standardized labeling for hazardous chemicals, and outlines the required format and content for Safety Data Sheets. The instruction also explains how inspectors should enforce the standard during the transition period leading up to June 1, 2016 the deadline for full implementation of the rule.

Upcoming compliance deadlines for the new standard include:
Dec. 1: Distributors must comply with labeling provisions.
June 1, 2016: Employers must update alternative workplace labeling and hazcom programs and provide additional employee training for newly identified hazards.

During the transition period before the effective dates, employers may comply with either the updated standard or the old rule. Employers found not to be in compliance with either standard could be cited.

To date, employers should have already trained employees on the new standard and be complying with the revised SDS requirements, and manufacturers and importers should be complying with new labeling provisions.

OSHA reversal: Injuries treated with kinesiology tape not recordable


Washington OSHA has reversed an interpretation on the use of kinesiology tape to treat worker injuries, saying use of the elastic tape is considered first aid and injuries treated with it are not recordable.

In a Dec. 12 letter of interpretation, OSHA stated that using kinesiology tape goes beyond first aid and must be recorded on employers' injury and illness logs. The agency said it came to this conclusion because kinesiology tape is designed to relieve pain from acute injuries, making use of the tape akin to physical therapy.

However, a stakeholder asked OSHA to reconsider this interpretation. In a July 6 letter, the agency said it reviewed information associated with the use and evaluation of kinesiology tape and concluded it falls within the parameters of first aid treatment set forth in the General Recording Criteria Standard (1904.7). Therefore, injuries that require use of the tape are not recordable.

"The use of kinesiology tape and other types of elastic taping is included within the definition of first aid treatment, and thus the use of such tape alone would not be considered medical treatment," Amanda Edens, director of OSHA's directorate of technical support and emergency management, said in the letter.

Oklahoma law requires student safety training


Oklahoma City Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin (R) recently signed a bill that requires the state's school districts to offer training to students on workplace safety and health.

The legislation affects students in grades seven through 12. The Oklahoma State Department of Labor and the Oklahoma State Department of Education will team up on the initiative, which is based on a curriculum plan from NIOSH.

The "Talking Safety" curriculum includes personal stories about teen workers as well as statistics that highlight the need for young worker safety. According to the curriculum:
About 1.6 million people ages 15 to 17 are employed.
Every year, an average of 59,800 workers younger than 18 visit the emergency department because of work-related injuries.
Every year, work-related fatalities claim the lives of 37 workers younger than 18.

NIOSH Director John Howard praised Oklahoma's efforts in a May 2015 column. He said the free curriculum is customized for all states.
"Talking Safety is a fun and easy tool for teachers to use in preparing their students for a lifetime of safe and healthy work," Howard wrote.

On Workers Memorial Day, safety leaders urge greater prevention efforts


Washington Although the number of workplace deaths has declined over the past four decades, too many people in the United States die on the job, Secretary of Labor Thomas Perez said April 28 on Workers Memorial Day.

The annual commemoration day is for mourning workers who have lost their lives and for recommitting to on-the-job safety, Perez said in a statement.

"As we mourn the lives lost on the job, we must make sure workers know their rights and employers know their responsibilities. In doing so, we can prevent tragic loss and ensure every worker goes home safely at the end of every workday," Perez said.

Several Workers Memorial Day events took place throughout the country. At the Oklahoma State Capitol, OSHA's Oklahoma City Area Director David Bates said the 12 daily worker deaths and the millions of injuries every year are preventable through "basic" safety and health techniques. "No job is a good job unless it's a safe job," he said.

AFL-CIO President Richard Trumka likewise urged continuing efforts for safer jobs, and for employers to address hazardous conditions. He also called on lawmakers to create jobs that "ensure the dignity and safety every worker deserves."

On the global front, the International Labor Organization on April 28 commemorated World Day for Safety and Health at Work. The agency encouraged the creation of a national culture of prevention that includes respecting the right to a safe and healthy working environment, and active participation from stakeholders.

"Each and every one of us can contribute to the prevention of occupational deaths, injuries and diseases," ILO Director-General Guy Ryder said in a statement. "Together we can build a culture of prevention on occupational safety and health."

Spike in synthetic drug use prompts warning


Alexandria, VA A disturbing trend indicates that many people are not aware of the extreme dangers of synthetic cannabinoids, according to the American Association of Poison Control Centers.

AAPCC issued a warning April 23 regarding the products, which sometimes are referred to as "synthetic marijuana." The chemical formulas included in the synthetic drugs are not consistent and can pose life-threatening risks.

Since the start of 2015, poison centers have received thousands of calls from people harmed by the products. New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo released a health alert after 160 people were hospitalized because of the drugs during a nine-day span.

Experts say synthetic cannabinoids have multiple adverse side effects, including:
Anxiety and agitation
Racing pulse and increased blood pressure
Nausea and vomiting
Muscle spasms and seizures
Hallucinations and psychotic episodes
Harmful or suicidal thoughts

"These synthetic drugs present a potentially fatal risk that is not well recognized by people consuming these products," AAPCC President Jay Schauben said in a press release. "The recent death of five people suspected of using this category of drugs underscores the urgency of controlling these drugs and educating the public of their dangers."

Remove smart watch before driving, NSC says


The National Safety Council has issued a statement regarding the risks of using a smart watch such as the newly released Apple Watch while driving. Numerous studies have shown that drivers who use a cell phone behind the wheel significantly increase their risk of being involved in a crash. Smart watches, which have capabilities similar to smartphones, could be even riskier. The council urges everyone who purchases a smart watch to turn it off or remove it before driving.

New advisory committee to address commercial driver training


Washington A newly formed 26-member advisory committee will help to update classroom and behind-the-wheel training requirements for professional truck and bus drivers, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration announced Feb. 10.

The Entry-Level Driver Training Advisory Committee includes safety advocates, training professionals, law-enforcement officials, labor union representatives, and members of intercity bus and trucking industries. The group's first meeting is slated for Feb. 26-27 in Arlington, VA.

FMCSA said the committee will examine a variety of issues, including minimum training requirements, accreditation versus certification of commercial driver's license training programs and schools, and instructor qualifications. FMCSA plans to issue a proposed training rule by fall 2015 and a final rule in 2016.

"Ensuring roadway safety starts with the driver," FMCSA Acting Administrator T.F. Scott Darling III said in a press release. "Finalizing new training requirements for truck and bus operators is one of my top priorities, and we have tapped a group of uniquely qualified stakeholders to help us work through the details and meet this goal."

Low back pain linked to awkward positions, distractions: study


Sydney Awkward body positions, distractions and fatigue may contribute to low back pain, suggests a new study from the University of Sydney.

Nearly 1,000 patients with acute low back pain from 300 clinics were asked to report various exposures leading up to the onset of pain. Of the exposures, distractions during an activity had the highest odds of developing back pain, and moderate or vigorous physical activity had the lowest odds.

"Understanding which risk factors contribute to back pain and controlling exposure to these risks is an important first step in prevention," study co-author Manuela Ferreira said in a press release. Ferreira is an associate professor with the George Institute for Global Health and Sydney Medical School at the University of Sydney.

The back is one of the most common body parts affected by workplace injuries or illnesses, with an incident rate of 20 per 10,000 workers and causing a median seven days away from work in 2013, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

The study was published in the February issue of Arthritis Care & Research, a journal from the American College of Rheumatology.

Study finds few health benefits from treadmill desks


Corvallis, OR Workers who use treadmill desks experience a slight increase in physical activity but reap few health benefits, a study from Oregon State University suggests.

About 40 overweight or obese workers at a health insurance company participated in the 12-week study, with half using treadmill desks.
Data indicated that workers who used the treadmill desks increased their average number of daily steps by more than 1,000, added nearly two minutes of physical activity per hour, and decreased their sedentary time by nearly four minutes per hour. However, they did not significantly lose weight or alter their body mass index.

The workers used the treadmills only about half the requested time, and on average, they walked 1.8 mph which would be considered light activity, according to a press release. Health guidelines suggest adults get 30 minutes of moderate or intense physical activity several days a week.

Researchers said that although increasing steps might gain cardiovascular and other health benefits, the benefits might not outweigh the cost of treadmill desks, and workers would likely need to perform more physical activity to combat effects of sedentary behavior.

The study was published in the December issue of the Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine.